Women in Agriculture in Pakistan
Pakistan is a country with a great deal of diversity in culture, traditions, habits, attitudes and practices across its various provinces and regions, although there are similarities as well. So when the broad term of “Women in Agriculture” is used, it may not highlight the extensive and diverse role that women play in agriculture in one province or slightly limited and more specific role that women have in other provinces or regions. The role and responsibilities of women change as the geographic area changes, along with changing local customs and traditions. Even the gender roles, food and nutrition practices vary across different areas, ethnic groups as well as ecological zones. All these aspects result in different as well as similar kinds of constraints and challenges faced by women farmers in agriculture across the four provinces and three regions of Pakistan which are discussed in the specific chapters. In light of these constraints, certain key recommendations are given mainly focusing on promoting gender equality and empowerment of women in agriculture and identifying means of enhancing economic impact of women’s work in agriculture, improving household food security and nutrition.